Information Technology in Educational System in India: A Critical Review

Shamshir Ali, Navin Kumar and Videh Kishori Thakur

Department of B.C.A.

M.D.D.M. College, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India

Today in globalize world, the educational system of

India has not been out of touch from information technology. Before globalization, educational system of our country has based on traditional system. The information age is changing the way to work. Some jobs are disappearing, others are emerging and still others are being radically transformed by information technology. But the information age is not just affecting the workplace; its influences are felt in our educational system, too. Before it is over, the information revolution will have a profound and permanent effect on the way, we learn.

Our educational system was developed more than a century ago to teach students the basic facts and survival skills they would need for industrial and agricultural jobs they would probably hold for their entire life. This model has been described as a previous model for reasons (a) It assumes that all students learn the same way and that all students learn the same things, (b) The teacher’s job is to ‘Pour’ facts into students, occasionally checking, (c) The level of knowledge in each student and (d)Students are expected to work individually, absorb facts and to spend most of their time sitting quietly listening to the teacher.

With all of its faults, this educational system helps the students succeed in their professions till the last decade. Now the world has changed and is changing by the day. Schools and colleges have changed too, but not fast enough to keep with the information revolution.

The traditional age may have passed, but the need for reading and writing hasn’t. In fact, it is more important than ever, that today’s students graduate with the ability to read and write. Many jobs that did not require reading and writing skills a generation ago now use high-tech equipment that demands computer literacy. Recently, worker who can’t read printouts is not likely to survive the transition to an automated system today. In the age of cheap calculators, many students think that learning mathematics is a waste of time. In fact, the argue that spend too much time teaching students how to do things like division and calculating square roots - a skill that students seldom do by hand . These arithmetic skills have little to do

with being able to think mathematically. To survive in the high-tech, Indian students need to be able to see the mathematical systems in the world around them and apply mathematical concepts to solve problems. No calculator can do that. In the information age, communication is a survival skill. Modern jobs involve interactions between people and machines and between people and people, the fact is that information-based society depends on our human ability to communicate, negotiate, cooperate, and collaborate, both locally and globally.

The information technology clearly makes new demands on the educational system in India requiring radical changes in what and how people learn .Today information technology are essential parts of these changes. Many of the elementary and secondary schools are now introducing information technology, Students and teachers are using the concepts of information technology in a variety of ways to learn.

The most important application of information technology in the schools & colleges distance learning - using technology to extend the educational process through satellite video transmissions, the internet and other communication technologies offer many promising possibilities. Students can communicate in other parts of the world through the Internet. Two-way video links allow “visiting” experts to talk to students in the virtual classrooms and answer their questions in real time. Networked school can offer multi-school videoconference courses in India. Information technology is particularly important for students in remote locations. Where a student feels difficulties to understand the solution of the problem, the internet offers solution of their problem by on-line reference materials on webpage.

Distance Learning System promises the workers whose jobs are changed or eliminated by a shifting economy by providing the facility to learn new skills for many displaced workers who can’t afford to relocate their families to college. On the other hand if a worker has to do the job with schooling, the similar problem arises. Colleges and Universities offer electronic outreach programs, these people can update their skills through Distance Learning System. Since 1990 online degree programs are introduced in colleges and universities.

The future of India will be fashioned in the classrooms. While India has made great strides in improving their education system much still remains to be done. The goal of this report is to outline how information technology (IT) can help to create an educational system that is based on the principle of helping teachers, be effective in what they do; the quality and relevance of class room instruction; and making quantifiable and measurable progress towards improving efficiency. All this is to be done with an understanding of the special social, cultural, political, infrastructural an economic factor prevalent in the country. We have elected to focus on school-level education, simply because that is where the foundations for learning are laid and it is where the most challenges lie.

Educational system in India, information technology is used as teaching aid, research tool and analyzing system. When computer is used as a teaching aid referred to as computer-assisted instruction (CIA.). The computer asks questions to test the student’s ability to understand the subject .When a student gives an answer; the computer gives some comments to indicate that answer is right or wrong. If the answer is not correct the computer gives some error signal. The CIA Programs can be prepared in a variety of modes, such as tutorial, discovery, problem solving, modeling, and drill & practice. In tutorial mode the computer presents new ideas followed by text questions. In discovery mode the computer presents information and asks students to draw conclusions. In problem solving mode computer allows students to apply their concepts in solving a problem. In modeling,

mode of process or a system is presented mathematically to make its analysis. Computers can also repeat the presentation of the material as many times as desired. This helps students to make certain concepts clear if they are not clear in earlier attempts. Question banks may be prepared and stored in computer’s memory. Test - questions may be stored in such a way that students can simulate an examination to test their knowledge, as and when desired.

Lastly the challenges are to face effective implementations of information technology in the educational system in India. Now a day in educational system in India, the implementation of information technology are not satisfactory because of several causes i.e. lack in Information Technology Acts 2000 & 20064 , lack of knowledge of implementing agencies, lack of experts in IT, lack of awareness of the people about the benefits of IT etc. To take a suitable place in globalize world India should be speedy and implement smoothly the IT in educational system from beginning (Primary level to University level) and short out the lacking points in implementation of IT in Educational system. Now regarding IT in educational system in India, the matter of study should be how, when and where?

Further reading:

1.Satish Jain (2010) IT. Tools and Business Application, B. P. B Publication, New Delhi.

2.P.T. Joseph, S. J. (2010) E-Commerce an Indian Perspective, PHI Learning PVT. LTD., New Delhi.


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